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36



Therefore.,           the first nine days, the villagers bolt   their doors



at night,        do sot                         dawn.   However, after



the         of a few days, the                  away, and the  deceased is



forgotten.



They do not seem to           beliefs in the   soul, heaven



t



hell, re-birth, last Judgement, etc.     Death of a person   brings the

curtain down on one's life for ever.



They do not fix ermanently stones at the burial place, nor

do they visit the         to             the ancestor. These two practices,



mentioned in Gazetteer of Vizagapatnam District (1869) are cot

customary practices of Kattira              of Raja Cheruvu Valasa.



13.   Self  Government :



Theirs is a self-governing society.   The society Is supreme



in all matters.   Every event in the life of the individual like birth,

marriage., separation or death; harassment by the   kins   of the



*



vllage   or outside; embarassments caused by the forest guards,



excise or police personnel, revenue and other government depart-

ments, courts etc.. is to be reported to it. The community, through



the chief, gives Mm protection and assistance.



The Gadaba community governs its society through the

Yajamanl (chief) the executive head assisted by the Peddaln (the

elders) who act as his council of advisers. It enforces sanctions

of kiilam Tappu (penalty) against the transgressors of tribal

customs and authority and veil (banishment from society or caste).



a)   The Chief :



The chief of the Gadabas of Raja Cheruvu Valasa is

known as the Yajamani.



When the chief has died, all the people form into a general

to elect his successor.    The late chiefs son may